- Allegory—A symbolic representation
(i.e. The blindfolded figure with scales is an allegory of justice.)
- Alliteration—The repetition of the initial consonant. There should be at least two repetitions in a row.
(i.e. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.)
- Allusion—A reference to a famous person or event in life or literature.
(i.e. She is as pretty as the Mona Lisa.)
- Analogy—The comparison of two pairs which have the same relationship.
(i.e. Shoe is to foot as tire is to wheel)
- Assonance—The repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence.
- Climax—the turning point of the action in the plot of a play or story. The climax represents the point of greatest tension in the work.
- Foreshadowing—Hints of what is to come in the action of a play or a story
- Hyperbole—A figure of speech involving exaggeration.
- Metaphor—A comparison in which one thing is said to be another.
(i.e. The tiger’s eyes were jewels, gleaming in the darkness.)
- Onomatopoeia—The use of words to imitate the sounds they describe.
(i.e. The burning wood crackled and hissed.)
- Oxymoron—Putting two contradictory words together. (i.e. Bittersweet, jumbo shrimp, and act naturally)
- Personification—is giving human qualities to animals or objects. (i.e. The tulips nodded their blue heads.)
- Pun—A word is used which has two meanings at the same time, which results in humor.
- Simile—A figure of speech involving a comparison between unlike things using like, as, or as though. (i.e. She floated in like a cloud.)